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Tools4CAP enhances CAP monitoring with new data integration technologies

May 12, 2024 | Tools4CAP Results

Author: Miranda García and Blanca Casares (AEIDL)

Tools4CAP is making significant strides in providing Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) decision-makers with suitable tools for a more evidence-based policy making to perform monitoring tasks to review performance of implementation and beneficiaries’ compliance. The project  latest report focuses on  identifying the data sources and monitoring technologies in the agriculture sector and their linkage with the farm-level data needs for the monitoring and evaluation of CAP Strategic Plans (CSPs).

CAP Monitoring and Performance Assessment

The transition from the Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework (CMEF) used during the 2014-2020 CAP period to the new Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Framework (PMEF) highlights the move towards a more data-driven and performance approach. Historically, the CMEF encountered various challenges, particularly the inconsistent availability and suitability of data, which often delayed the evaluation processes. The PMEF aims to overcome these problems by leveraging modern technologies and more streamlined data sources, enhancing the timeliness and accuracy of monitoring. The figure encapsulates the role of data-providing technologies in farm-level monitoring and evaluation within the context of CSP.

Figure: Potential role of data acquisition technologies within CAP monitoring and evaluation framework.
Source: Tools4CAP 2024

Tools and data sources

Based on the set of tools collected in the project inventory, this report initially reviews the applicability of CAP compliance monitoring tools encompassing a range of quantitative and qualitative instruments such as the Digital Farm Book, LAD IT system (Latvia), Classyfarm (Italy) and the IS SZIF information system (Czechia). This review reveals that Integrated Administration and Control Systems (IACS) is a key tool for CSP compliance monitoring. Member States establish, design, and operate the IACS to consolidate elements encompassing agricultural parcel identification, geo-spatial and animal-based declarations, payment entitlement identification and registration, beneficiary identity recording, and control and penalty enforcement. IACS leverages various technologies like earth observation and geotagged photos that configure the new Area Monitoring System (AMS). The AMS enhances farm-level data collection and streamline compliance monitoring.

The report also assesses the performance monitoring tools inventoried and reflects about the shift from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) to the Farm Sustainability Data Network (FSDN) highlighting its significance for data and knowledge stocktaking.

Subsequently, the report explores and describes technologies already in use in the agricultural sector with the potential to provide useful farm-level data for monitoring and evaluation. Regarding Data Acquisition Technologies Integrated in the tools, the report describes the development and use of remote sensing, geotagged photos, Digital Farm Book and SIEX, Regional Register of Agricultural Holdings (REA) and the Digital Farm Book (CUE).  Additionally, it scrutinises cutting-edge technologies existing in the agricultural sector, for example field Sensors/ΙoΤ, Big Data, GPS/GNSS, Robotic Accounting, and others.

Finally, the report pinpoints data acquisition technologies capable of meeting the data requirements for monitoring in the different types of CAP intervention, concluding with the monitoring of data gaps and bridging technologies.

Future steps

Tools4CAP will further develop and refine the methodologies and technical protocols for data integration. This next phase will focus on tackling the challenges of landscape monitoring and further enhancing the interoperability between administrative and statistical data sources.

More information: D4.1 Integration of farm level data towards CAP monitoring and evaluation