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Eco-Scheme Modelling

Rationale of use

The design of the eco-schemes in Germany required a sophisticated approach, so three distinct models were employed to address the multifaceted aspects of the intervention design.


The Eco-Scheme Modelling comprises three stages: a) Preliminary evaluation of potential ecological and economic impacts based on initial drafts of five eco-scheme intervention descriptions from February 2021. b) Estimation of the costs associated with farming without chemical-synthetic plant protection products for a year, an evaluation of eco-scheme implementation according to farm size, and type, and a projection of the ensuing budget requirements. c) A secondary budget assessment based on defined Eco-Schemes, analysing various design options, premium levels, and anticipated uptake. Additionally, it delves into the influence of assumptions on expected eco-scheme uptake and discusses significant factors and uncertainties.

Types of outputs

a) Scenarios formed from the early drafts. b) Estimations concerning measure claims and the necessary budget. c) Varied scenarios based on differing premium levels.

Relevant CAP objective


Tool name

Eco-Scheme Modelling


Policy analysis tools for evidence-based decisions


Farm/intervention level



Author or owner

Owner: Thünen Institute

Implemented by

Relevant tasks

CSP Design: Intervention Setting

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