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Eco-Scheme Farm Simulation Tool

Rationale of use

A number of models were used to support different aspects of the intervention design of the eco-schemes in the Netherlands.


a) Assessment of potential ecological and economic effects on the basis of the first drafts: The drafts of five intervention descriptions for eco-schemes from February 2021 were subject to an initial assessment of their ecological and economic implications. For each of the eco-schemes considered, this included a description of the baseline regarding the agricultural structure, the ecological classification in terms of effectiveness per hectare, and a regionalized calculation of the economic effects for individual farms. The ecological classification includes recommendations for improving the ecological effectiveness of the individual eco-schemes, as well as an assessment of the potential impact on the protected resources. In addition, calculations of funding needs and an ad hoc estimate of adjustment needs of farms were carried out. b) Assessment of the application of eco-schemes on the basis of the cabinet draft for the national law: Estimate of the costs of farming without chemical- synthetic plant protection products for one year. Furthermore, an assessment of the implementation of the various eco-schemes differentiated by farm size as well as farms type and determination of the resulting budget requirements; monetary effects of one option to promote low-input grassland management. c) Second assessment of budget requirements based on the Eco-Schemes as defined in the national law: effects of different options for the design and the premium levels of the planned eco-schemes on the expected uptake and the required budget; scenarios with different premium levels for the eco-scheme “crop rotation with leguminous crops” in combination with alternative specifications regarding the eligibility of fallow land as a crop; influence of selected assumptions on the expected uptake of other eco-schemes, and discussion of other important factors and uncertainties influencing the expected uptake of individual eco-schemes.

Types of outputs

a) Scenarios based on drafts b) Estimate for measure claims and required budget c) Scenarios with different premium amounts

Relevant CAP objective



Hoe werkt de Simulatietool voor de eco-regeling? (rvo.nl)

Tool name

Eco-Scheme Farm Simulation Tool


Policy analysis tools for evidence-based decisions


Farm/intervention level



Author or owner

Owner: Wageningen Economic Research

Implemented by

Relevant tasks

CSP Design: Intervention Setting

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