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The European institutions have their say in shaping the CAP beyond 2027

Feb 19, 2024 | EU Institutions

Author: Blanca Casares (AEIDL)

On 2 December 2021, the agreement on reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was formally adopted. The new legislation, which entered into force on 1 January 2023, paved the way for a fairer, greener and more performance-based CAP. Under the “New Delivery Model”, CAP has been significantly devolved with Member States becoming responsible for most of the policy, designing a national CAP Strategic Plan which came into effect, at that time, at the beginning of the year 2023.

CAP is programmed over 7 years and the present programming period will run into 2027 although there is a two-year transition period requiring the financial resources to be used by 31 December 2029.

Although a few years remain under the current legislative framework, the work of the different institutions, and key actors in the process, to shape the next CAP period beyond 2027 has already started.

On 25 January 2024, the president of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen launched the Strategic Dialogue on the Future of Agriculture, representing a new forum mandated to shape a shared vision for the future of the EU’s farming and food system.

The Council and European Parliament will be involved in the process, and Professor Peter Strohschneider, who has been appointed as chair based on his longstanding experience, will regularly inform and exchange views with both institutions on the Dialogue. The Council informed about the issue in its Agriculture and Fisheries Council on 23 January 2024.

The Strategic Dialogue will bring together key stakeholders from across the whole agri-food chain, including farmers, co-operatives, agri-food businesses, and rural communities; as well as non-governmental organisations and civil society representatives, financial institutions and academia. A series of thematic meetings will be organised in the first half of 2024.

In parallel, on 17 January 2024 the Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment Section (NAT) of the European Economic and Social Committee published its opinion on Promoting autonomous and sustainable food production: strategies for the CAP post-2027.

The EESC considers that the CAP post-2027 must provide a stable long-term policy framework geared to sustainable food production and open strategic autonomy for the European Union, while protecting the diversity of types of farming in the EU and responding to societal and ecological needs, alongside ensuring rural development. Specifically with regard to the Strategic Plans, the EESC states that the process of designing and adapting the plans should be reviewed to allow for stakeholder involvement, more flexibility for Member States and faster adaptations after their initial approval.

These strategic plans and any changes to them should be developed in consultation with the agricultural sector and other civil society stakeholders. The European Code of Conduct on Partnership should play a key role in the implementation of the future CAP, prioritising the management, monitoring and control of the future strategic plans and giving the social partners a role and responsibilities in the monitoring committees.

The European project Tools4CAP (2023-2026) – which stands for “Innovative Toolbox empowering effective CAP governance towards EU ambitions” will continue to work to support the implementation of National Strategic Plans 2023-2027 and lay the foundations for a sound preparation of post-2027 Strategic Plans.

Do not miss the opportunity and get involved and make use of Tools4CAP results!