Home 9 Tools4CAP Focus Groups 9 Czech Focus Group explores the challenges of CAP and the need for policy analysis tools

Czech Focus Group explores the challenges of CAP and the need for policy analysis tools

Jun 19, 2024 | Tools4CAP Focus Groups

Author: Juliana Arbelaez Gaviria (CzechGlobe – IIASA) and Marcela Hlaváčová (CzechGlobe)

On 17 May 2024, the Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CzechGlobe) and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) organised the first focus group, a national multi-stakeholder meeting, as part of the ongoing efforts of the Tools4CAP project. The Czech focus group convened to discuss policy analysis tools for evidence-based decisions.

Scientists from the Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information (ÚZEI), representatives from the Regional Agrarian Chamber of the South Moravian Region (RAK Jmk), the State Land Office (SPÚ), and farmers participated in the focus group. The discussion revolved around two key topics:

  • Identifying the roles, challenges, and opportunities faced by stakeholders in the design and implementation of the Czech Republic CAP Strategic Plan.
  • Introducing the GLOBIOM tool for policy analysis in the European context  and the need to improve such tools for future CAP processes.

The focus group discussion revealed shared experiences among stakeholders in the final stage of the CAP SP process. ÚZEI researchers were involved in preparing background analysis, including impact studies, to identify problems and their causes, selecting the most appropriate interventions, and providing gradual results to the Ministry of Agriculture. They agreed that the process was smooth; however, the final stage of the CAP SP was rapid, and changes were implemented against the consensus reached during different stakeholders’ consultations. Farmers expressed that the latest modifications of the CAP SP were decided without considering the previously accepted consensus among farmers and policy-makers. Although the Ministry of Agriculture was open to discussion, the communications did not yield any practical results for the farmers.

Additionally, there was agreement on the relevance of the selected goals for the Czech Republic in the CAP SP. Participants agreed on the lack of transparency in the impact assessments carried out during the design stage with farmers. They expressed interest in actively participating in improving and adopting different policy analysis tools. Among the most relevant policy questions were those concerning Czech agriculture competitiveness, the productivity impact of controlled pesticide use, irrigation expansion, self-sufficiency, and labor.

The focus group concluded with a consensus on the need to strengthen communication between (1) academia and farmers, and (2) farmers and national/EU policy-makers. This is essential to consolidate relevant tools for policy analysis that address the challenges that farmers face in implementing the CAP SP.